A sunny, hot summer’s day: all the impetus most of us need to don that swimwear and head for the nearest body of water, right? It’s hard to top the pleasures of an afternoon at the beach, a paddle on the lake, a riverside picnic, a surfboard ride on the breakers—quintessential summertime delights.
But as we anticipate the liquid enticements of the season, safety most definitely should be part of the conversation. May happens to beNational Water Safety Month, and we thought we’d take a little space here at the Mountain House blog to mark this important campaign!
National Water Safety Month springs from a partnership of the Association of Pool & Spa Professionals (APSP), the American Red Cross, the World Waterpark Association, and the National Recreation and Park Association. The mission is to raise awareness about the potential dangers of water-based recreation and how you can avoid or minimize them.
The dangers of the aquatic realm are as intrinsic as its appeal. Those dangers apply in any virtually any sized body of water, and—given the speed with which we can drown—can come into play suddenly and with little warning.
According to theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention, an average of 3,536 people drowned each year in non-boating-related incidents from 2005 to 2014—roughly 10 per day. Another 332 boating-related drownings occurred annually.
Children 1 to 4 years old suffer from the highest rates of drowning: In 2014, the CDC reports, one-third of unintentional deaths in that age group were due to drowning. The majority of those drowning deaths take place in home swimming pools; older teens and adults are more likely to drown in natural waterways. Only automobile accidents account for more unintentional injury-caused deaths than drowning among the 1-to-14-year-old age bracket.
More than half of those who survive a drowning incident require additional medical treatment such as hospitalization. It only takes a few minutes of the brain being deprived of oxygen for the organ to suffer severe damage, leading to potentially lifelong impairment.
All of these are sobering statistics, and a reminder that water must be treated with the utmost respect. Showing it that respect means pursuing the proper training, obtaining the proper swimming safety equipment and water safety devices, andalways staying aware and clear-headed in, on, and around water.
Organized swimming lessons are essential. Pursue swim instruction early with your kids. If you’re an adult who doesn’t know how to swim, lessons are just as valuable. There’s no substitute for formal training when it comes to feeling comfortable, knowing your limits, and following safe techniques in the wet stuff.
As it has for better than a century, the American Red Cross offersswimming lessons around the country for students aged six months and up into adulthood. The organization also provides a variety of other water safety programs, including training courses for swim coaches and aquatic instructors and classes in CPR for rescue and healthcare professionals (you can learn morehere).
Speaking of CPR,everyone should learn how to execute it. The lives of many drowning victims have been saved by those with the knowledge and presence of mind to administer the treatment immediately, without waiting for medical responders.
Boaters should also make sure they’re properly trained in the handling of their vessels and all-around on-the-water safety. The National Association of State Boating Law Administrators has acompilation of boating education courses in each U.S. state that’s worth checking out.
The National Water Safety Month website, meanwhile, includes a great deal of resources for pool managers, lifeguards, swimming coaches, and other professionals, including printablewater safety posters and“I’m a Safe Swimmer” pledges.
Here are some of the fundamentals of water safety for both adults and children:
Boating and swimming safety equipment go beyond lifejackets or other approved Personal Flotation Devices (PFDs). There should be a childproof barrier for your pool, hot tub, or spa: a four-foot-plus fence around it, for example, and doors or gates that can be locked when the water feature isn’t being used. As the CDC notes, a four-sided fence squaring off a pool and completely isolating it can lower the drowning risk for a child by 83%.
Install a lockable cover for your pool or spa, and consider incorporating alarms for pool or spa entries so you know if children are using them.
Kayakers, who of course often tackle rough waters such as river rapids and ocean surf, benefit from a variety of specialized water safety devices, including paddle leashes and floats, rescue throw bags, and river knives (for cutting away from debris or gear snares).
In line with the mission of National Water Safety Month, we’ve focused thus far on the threats water poses and the precautions one should take against them. Let’s take a moment to reiterate how fantastically fun aquatic recreation is—all the more so when you feel you’re confidently equipped and trained to stay safe!
Take standup paddleboarding, which has moved well beyond the realm of flash-in-the-pan craze into its own hugely popular and mighty versatile form of recreation. It’s such a meditative and calming sport that many barely notice the genuine workout they’re giving their legs, abs, shoulders, and arms.
Then there’s whitewater rafting, waterskiing, surfing, rowing, snorkeling, diving, triathlon-swimming, angling, canoeing, sailing—well, we surely don’t need to spell outall the fantastic pastimes you can pursue out on those rolling swells, flatwater coves, bucking rivers, and back-of-beyond mountain lakes.
Not a swimmer, whether because you’ve never taken the time to learn (and we recommend taking it) or because you’re physically unable to? Well, there are still many ways for you to enjoy the waterscape nonetheless—from beachcombing to riverside backpacking to seafloor walking.
National Water Safety Month may officially wrap up on May 31, but learning about water safety and putting it into practice is a year-round affair. Here are some good informational resources to consult: